An excerpt from The Swirl and the Swastika: NutraSweet & the Military-Medical-Industrial Complex by Alex Constantine (one of several articles from the book Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A. by Alex Constantine)

Published by Feral House, 1995

   I recognized my two selves, a crusading idealist and a cold, granitic believer in the law of the jungle.

--Edgar Monsanto Queeny,
Monsanto chairman, 1943-63,
The Spirit of Enterprise, 1934


The FDA is ever mindful to refer to aspartame, widely known as NutraSweet, as a "food additive," never a "drug." A "drug" on the label of a Diet-Coke might discourage the consumer. And because aspartame is classified a food additive, adverse reactions are not reported to a federal agency, nor is continued safety monitoring required by law.(1) NutraSweet is a non-nutritive sweetener. The brand name is a misnomer. Try NonNutraSweet.
   Food additives seldom cause brain lesions, headaches, mood alterations, skin polyps, blindness, brain tumors, insomnia and depression, or erode intelligence and short-term memory. Aspartame, according to some of the most capable scientists in the country, does. In 1991 the National Institutes of Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, published a bibliography, Adverse Effects of Aspartame, listing no less than 167 reasons to avoid it.(2)
   Aspartame is an DNA derivative, a combination of two amino acids (long supplied by a pair of Maryland biotechnology firms: Genex Corp. of Rockville and Purification Engineering in Baltimore.(3)) The Pentagon once listed it in an inventory of prospective biochemical warfare weapons submitted to Congress.(4)
   But instead of poisoning enemy populations, the "food additive" is currently marketed as a sweetening agent in some 1200 food products.
   In light of the chemo-warfare implications, the pasts of G.D. Searle and aspartame are ominous. Established in 1888 on the north side of Chicago, G.D. Searle has long been a fixture of the medical establishment. The company manufactures everything from prescription drugs to nuclear imaging optical equipment.(5)
   Directors of G.D. Searle include such geopolitical actuaries as Andre M. de Staercke, Reagan's ambassador to Belgium, and Reuben Richards, an executive vice president at Citibank. Also Arthur Wood, the retired CEO of Sears, Roebuck & Co., from the clan of General Robert E. Wood, wartime chairman of the America First Committee.(6) America Firsters, organized by native Nazis cloaked as isolationists, were quietly financed by the likes of Sullivan & Cromwell's Allen Dulles and Edwin Webster of Kidder, Peabody.(7)
   Until the acquisition by Monsanto in 1985, the firm's chairman was William L. Searle, a Harvard graduate, Naval reservist and--a grim irony in view of aspartame's adverse effects--an officer in the Army Chemical Corps in the early 1950s, when the same division tested LSD on groups of human subjects in concert with the CIA.(8)
    The chief of the chemical Warfare Division at this time was Dr. Laurence Laird Layton, whose son Larry was convicted for the murder of Congressman Leo Ryan at Jonestown ("Come to the pavilion! What a legacy!"). Jonestown, of course, bore a remarkable likeness to a concentration camp, and kept a full store of pharmaceutical drugs. (The Jonestown pharmacy was stocked with a variety of behavior control drugs: qualudes, valium, morphine, demerol and 11,000 doses of thorazine--a better supply, in fact, than the Guyanese government's own, not to mention a surfeit of cyanide.(9))
   Dr. Layton was married to the daughter of Hugo Phillip, a German banker and stockbroker representing the likes of Siemens & Halske, the makers of cyanide for the Final Solution, and I.G. Farben, the manufacturer of a lethal nerve gas put to the same purpose.(10) Dr. Layton, a Quaker, developed a form of purified uranium used to set off the Manhattan Project's first self-sustaining chain reaction at the University of Chicago in 1942 by his wife's German-born uncle, Dr. James Franck. At Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, Dr. Layton concentrated his efforts, as did I.G. Farben, on the development of nerve gasses.(11)


1. "Sweet Talk," Science and the Citizen column, Scientific American, July, 1987, p. 15.

2. "Adverse Effects of Aspartame--January '86 through December '90," Current Bibliography series, National Library of Medicine pamphlet, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1991.

3. "Pepsi Switches Sweeteners--Aspartame Winning Diet Cola Market," Washington Post, November 2, 1984, p. A-1.

4. Mae Brussell, World Watchers #842, KAZU-FM, Monterey, Calif., January 25, 1988.

5. Moody's Industrial Manual, 1975, p. 2606.

6. G.D. Searle's 1981 Annual Report. Also, Arnold Foster and Benjamin R. Epstein, Cross-Currents, Doubleday & Co. (New York: 1956), p. 153.

7. Nancy Lisagor and Frank Lipsius, A Law Unto Itself: The Untold Story of the Law Firm of Sullivan & Cromwell, William Morrow (New York: 1988), pp. 137-38, 163.

8. John Marks, The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: The CIA and Mind Control, Times Books (New York: 1979), pp. 58, 67 & 212. Marks writes that incapacitating "large numbers of people fell to the Army Chemical Corps, which also tested LSD and even stronger hallucinogens. The CIA concentrated on individuals."

9. John Peer Nugent, White Night: The Untold Story of What Happened Before--and Beyond--Jonestown, Rawson, Wade (New York: 1979), pp. 143 & 177.

10. Michael Meiers, Was Jonestown a CIA Medical Experiment: A Review of the Evidence, Mellen House (Lampeter, UK: 1988), p. 42.

11. Ibid., p. 43.